Arkansas Chapter MFTHBA


MFTHBA Color Guide

Some horses have several color patterns evident either visually or in their genetic makeup. Choose the color category which most accurately describes your horse. Look at the bold area of each color description. Your horse must fit that part of the description to
be registered as that color. Should you need to further clarify subcategories if the color (when a computer code is not available) please do so in the makings details section. Because of past inaccuracies in color descriptions, prior registrations papers do not
necessarily reflect the correct color of parents, and the MFTHBA will try to work with members in establishing correctness from this point forward.

BAY – Red body with shades varying from light yellow tan to almost black. Must have black points: mane, tail and legs.
Black Bay – Body almost black or brown.
Blood Bay - Body dark rich red color.
Gold Bay – Body yellowish tan.
BLACK – Body, head, muzzle, flanks and legs composed of uniform black hairs.
BLACK DILUTE – Smokey Black – a black-appearing horse with a dilute parent (palomino, buckskin, cremello, perlino) that has the capability of producing 1) a palomino or buckskin when bred to a chestnut, or 2) a cremello/perlino if bred to a palomino, buckskin or smokey black. Can only be verified by offspring at this time unless one of the parents is a verified cremello, perlino or smokey cream.
BROWN – Body brown or black with light areas at muzzle, eyes, flank, inside
upper legs; black mane and tail
BUCKSKN – Non-linebacked dilute color with yellow body. Must have black
or dark brown points: mane, tail and legs.
CHAMPANGE – A group of mutted colors with underlying skin of pink or pale tan that may develop dark freckling on the genetalia and muzzle at maturity. Foals are born darker and get progressively lighter until maturity. Manes and tails vary from light flaxen to dark brown. Must have blue, green or amber eyes and light skin, and should have a champagne parent.
Classic Champagne – Shades varying from pale brown to light faded black with grayish/green or lavender overtones and slightly darker self-colored points.
Amber Champagne – Tan or yellow body with brown points.
Gold Champagne – Gold body with white or flax/yellow points.
Ivory Champagne – Cream/white body with cream or black points.
CHESTNUT – Dark liver color; never has totally black mane, tail or legs, but may have black hair in mane and tail; may also have flaxen mane and tail.
CREAM – Cream body. Must have pink skin and blue eyes.
PERLINO: - Cream/white body with beige, brassy gold or rusty points, usually from palomino to buckskin or buckskin to buckskin matings (bay base).
CREMELLO - Cream/white body with white mane and tail; usually from palomino to palomino, cremello to palomino, palomino to buckskin or palomino to smokey black matings (sorrel base).
SMOKEY CREAM – Cream/white body with rusty or red points, mane and tail; usually from smokey black to smokey black matings (black base).
DUN – Any color with visible primitive markings which are darker than the body and include bars on legs, stripe down back, wither stripe, cob webbing on head. Darker points. Examples are bay dun, red dun, yellow dun and black/blue (grullo). Should have a dun parent.
GREY – Even mixture of white/silver and colored hairs overriding a darker base color. Usually born dark or solid colored (black, bay, chestnut, palomino, etc., which may be indicated in the markings section) and progressively getting lighter with age, especially on face (some may keep dark points, but most will eventually appear as almost white). Should have a grey parent.
PALOMINO – Light yellow to dark gold body, may have dapples, white mane and tail.
ROAN - Any mixture of white and colored hair on the body in which the white hairs are individually scattered. The head, mane, tail and lower legs appear as solid colored and darker than the body. Should have roan parent.
BLACK ROAN – Bay horse with roaning (NOTE: black and blue roans are the same thing).
BAY ROAN – Bay horse with roaning.
CHESTNUT/SORREL ROAN – Chestnut/sorrel horse with roaning.
HONEY ROAN – Yellow horse with roaning.
SORREL – Body color reddish or copper red; mane and tail usually same color as body but may be flaxen.
SILVER DAPPLE – Dark chocolate to pale yellow body which may be dappled. Silver, flax, or white mane and tail, usually has a mix of dark hairs on legs. This color is only apparent on horses that are black, bay or buckskin since the gene only acts upon black hair to dilute (lighten) it. It Can be carried by chestnut, sorrel and palomino, but is not visible.
Chocolate (Black) Silver Dapple – light to dark chocolate body with flaxen, white or sliver mane and tail; legs usually darker than body.
Red (Bay) Silver Dapple – Red body with flaxen, white or sliver mane and tail; legs usually darker than body.
  Yellow (Buckskin) Silver Dapple – Yellow body with flaxen, white, or silver mane and tail; legs usually darker than body.
WH: WHITE – Dominant color gene which produces a white bodied horse with pink skin and dark eyes. Dominant white horses have a white parent and produce white offspring 50% of the time when bred to dark colors and 100% of the time when bred to another dominant white.
SP: SPOTTED - Colored with white spots; white with colored spots. Beginning in 1995, the Temporary Application for Registration for a spotted foal must have two (2) identical prints of a picture showing the left side view of the horse plus one(1) right side view submitted with the registration application. Picture must fit in a 2 ½” high x 3” wide space. Good sharp pictures are required, and no Polaroid’s or slides will be accepted. If the horse is not spotted on the left side,
send two (2) additional identical photos of the right side to show spotted pattern. More than one spotted gene can be present on an individual – use the most evident. Please indicate both body color and spotting pattern.
T: Tobiano – Body any solid color with white spots and white legs. Spots are regular and rounded with even borders and usually cross over the back between the ears and the tail. All spotted registered as tobino must have one parent or verify parentage through DNA.
S: SPLASHED WHITE OVERO – Large white spotting usually comes up from the belly, looking as though paint has splashed up from below, and does not cross over the back; usually lots of white on head, and may have blue eyes.
F: FRAME OVERO – Solid color topline, usually with dark legs. White patches are normally on the side of the body and are “framed” by dark area. May have blue eyes. NOTE: Breeding a frame overo mare to a frame overo stallion can result in lethal white foals.
SABINO: SABINO – White lacey patches, especially on the barrel, face and legs; and scattered white hair throughout the coat that appears roan-like. DOSE NOT have the solid color head and legs of a true roan. Body, mane and tail may be any color (black, bay, chestnut, palomino, ect.); usually have high white jagged-edged stockings that are higher on the front of the leg. May be so minimal as to only have a white spot on the chin, or so maximum as to appear totally white;
parents may not exhibit any of the characteristics. Usually have dark eyes. Medicine Hats and War Bonnets usually fall in this category.
CS: Chestnut/sorrel sabino
SB: Black sabino
SA: Bay sabino
SP: Palomino sabino
SK: Buckskin sabino
SW: White sabino
TVO: Tovero – Combination of tobino and overo characteristics.

CLICK HERE  for a picture of all possible horse color combinations. Note: this is a large picture.

Thanks to Joumana Medlej, who has graciously allowed us to share her work here.
"Horse colors chart ©Joumana Medlej, Posted with permission."